Boom-Bust Cycle for Tennis

Tennis is a great sport; however, it can cause injury to many parts of the body due to the high speed of racquet impact, repetition and use of your spine, legs and especially your dominate arm. This can predispose you to a variety of shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle injuries. All of which can quite easily become chronic in nature due to the repetitive nature, speed and impact of the sport.

The best known injury related to tennis is Tennis Elbow; however it is relatively uncommon in tennis. It’s a potentially difficult injury to manage as it is a muscle and tendon related injury that can become chronic quite quickly and persist for a long time if not managed well.

A slight niggle can exacerbate into a full blown debilitating injury inhibiting participation. Trying to play through the pain will only make matters worse and will require medical intervention from an experienced physiotherapist.

Common Tennis related injuries:

Lower limb injuries (thigh, knee and ankle) are the most common tennis injuries. They are caused by the sprinting, jumping, pivoting, stopping, jarring and pounding nature of tennis.

Upper limb (shoulder, elbow and wrist) injuries are usually caused by high velocity and repetitive movements required in tennis.

Back injuries and pain are common due to the rotation required to hit ground-strokes, and the combination of rotation, extension and lateral flexion involved in the serve.

How to resolve/treat these issues using the Boom-Bust theory

  • Take note of the previously issued blog about the cycling boom-bust theory and apply the same principles regarding physiotherapy lead treatment and advice

Furthermore it is important implement preventative strategies to main your health and homeostasis.

Preventative strategies

  • Use a tennis racquet suitable for your style of play, experience and size. Tennis players, especially those with arm and shoulder injuries, should seek professional advice when selecting a tennis racquet and choosing string tension. Ask an experienced tennis coach.
  • Check and maintain the playing surface to ensure it is in good condition and free of hazards.
  • Use tennis balls appropriate for your playing surface. Avoid using wet or flat/dead balls.
  • Seek professional advice on footwear. Most tennis shoes are more robust than running shoes due to the multidirectional requirements.

For further tips on our Boom Bust series check out our blogs.

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